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【双语】浪漫土耳其的九种特色美食

 作者:佚名  来源:西域美食与文化  点击:  评论:0 时间:2018-12-07 09:48:28


Here is a very popular song about Turkey, have you listened to it? What's Turkey like in your minds? Turkish kebab? Hot-air Balloon? Or the Islam old castle? Today, let's explore the different Turkey.


「“食”在土耳其:Foods」



1、土耳其散蛋版 (Menemen)

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土耳其散蛋版 (Menemen)是传统的土耳其早餐,打散的鸡蛋与各类蔬菜混合后煮成的蘸料,配上香酥的面包。

Menemen is a kind of traditional breakfast in Turkey. It mixes stirred egg with mixed vegetable sauce, and usually goes with bread.



2、葡萄叶包饭(yaprak sarmasi)

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葡萄叶包饭(yaprak sarmasi)、红茶等。晚辈去拜访长辈的时候,长辈应该给晚辈这些食物。

When you visit the elders, it is a tradition for the elders to prepare yaprak sarmasi and black tea for you.


3、土耳其肉丸(Kofte)

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土耳其肉丸(Kofte)

土耳其肉丸(Kofte)这是一道用牛肉或羊肉做成的土耳其传统主食,常常做成球状或饼状。它既可以搭配三明治,也可以搭配沙拉,还可以搭配咸香的土耳其酸奶。

Kofte is a traditional entree made of beef or mutton, which is usually shaped into a meatball or pie. You can eat it with sandwiches, salad or Turkish yogurt.


4、土耳其饺子(Manti)

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土耳其饺子(Manti)

土耳其饺子(Manti)乍一看和馄饨差不多,但风味和口感却更加独特,多为辣的牛肉馅或羊肉馅。

Manti looks like Huntun in China, but it tastes different. Most of them are stuffed with spicy minced beef or mutton.


5、土耳其烤饼(Lahmacun)

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土耳其烤饼(Lahmacun)

土耳其烤饼(Lahmacun)传统的土耳其烤饼底部又脆又薄,上面铺满了肉末和沙拉,最后再淋上爽口的柠檬汁。

Traditional Lahmacun is crisp and thin, covered with minced beef and salad. With a sprinkle of lemon juice it will be more delicious. 


6、土耳其披萨(Pide)

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土耳其披萨(Pide)

土耳其披萨 (Pide)土耳其披萨通常是用船型的面饼做成的,口味丰富,其中肉末、菠菜和奶酪混合的口味最为常见。

Pide is usually shaped like ship. The ones of minced beef, spinach and cheese is the most normal ones.


7、土耳其旋转烤肉三明治(Doner)

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土耳其旋转烤肉三明治(Doner)

土耳其旋转烤肉三明治(Doner)烤得香脆的面包里夹上风味独特的烤鸡肉、羊肉或牛肉和新鲜的蔬菜,配上辣味的蒜香酸奶,十分美味。

Doner is toasted bread stuffed with roasted chicken, fresh vegetables and lamb or beef, which is very delicious. And it makes a perfect match with garlic yogurt.


8、土耳其咖啡 (Turkish Coffee)

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土耳其咖啡 (Turkish Coffee)

提起咖啡,大家第一反应可能是Starbucks、雀巢、蓝山、麝香猫……等等。然而却极少有人知道,土耳其的咖啡文化十分火热 。在土耳其的大街小巷随处可见咖啡店,在土耳其还有一句专属咖啡的谚语:“喝你一杯土耳其咖啡,记你友谊四十年。”

As for coffee, it may remind you of Starbucks, Nestle, Blue Mountain, Civet coffee and so on. However, seldom people know the coffee culture is deeply rooted in Turkey. All kinds of cafes can be seen everywhere in Turkey. Here is an old saying goes that “A single cup of coffee can create a friendship that lasts for 40 years .”


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更神奇的是,在土耳其,咖啡还与魔法有关。根据土耳其旧式的传统咖啡,有一种咖啡算命的习惯,喝完咖啡后,将杯底的咖啡渣盖在盘子上,根据形成的模样来占卜当天的运势。说到这里,看过《哈利波特》的小伙伴们有没有想到哈利波特在占卜课上,通过杯底的茶叶渣模样占卜到了小天狼星回归的剧情呢。看来魔法学院里教的知识都是有迹可循啊。

What’s more amazing is that coffee is related to magic in Turkey. According to the traditional coffee culture in Turkey, diviner can divinate your fortune on that day based on the coffee ground left in the bottom of your cup. 


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土耳其咖啡还有一个更重要的象征意义,就是当男孩子到女孩子家里提亲的时候,如果女孩的父母同意,他们就给男生的家人煮土耳其咖啡(味道有点苦),并且女生会专门在男生的咖啡里加盐,男生必须要喝完这个咖啡。

Another important use of coffee is in Turkish marriage culture. When a boyfriend visits his girlfriend’s home and tries to propose, the parents will serve Turkish coffee to him if they agree on the marriage. The girlfriend will put some salt into the coffee and the boyfriend must drink-up.



9、红茶 (Black Tea)

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红茶 (Black Tea)

在土耳其最有名的就是我们的红茶,客人到我们家中,我们一定要给他们煮红茶,因为在土耳其给客人煮红茶喝,代表对客人的欢迎和很愿意和客人进行交流。

Black tea is the most famous in Turkey, we greet guests with black tea to to show welcome and respect for the guests.